Financial Careers: Most Popular Articles
The Big Four are the top public accounting firms in size and prestige. They audit the largest corporations and nonprofits, offer consulting services, and have much to recommend as employers.
A controller exerts control over use of company funds and has a leading role in budgeting, reporting and the analysis of results. The job can have much broader, strategic responsibilities.
Can inexperience actually be used as a selling point by a job applicant? An intriguing experiment suggests that it can.
Financial advisor careers offer a past-paced work environment and high earnings potential. Read on for the basics on what's entailed and how to become a financial advisor.
A case study in the dangers of pursuing short term profits and dismantling conservative risk management procedures.
The importance of the risk management function is growing in tandem with the complexity of the financial system. Get the basics here on risk manager careers.
Leading reasons why financial services careers are an attractive option for ambitious people who look to get ahead quickly and enjoy a high earning potential.
Are you interested in a banking job? Banking is a core function within the financial services industry and banks are among the leading employers within the financial field. Here is a list of the principal job categories and employers within it.
Financial careers and the financial services industry are exciting and rewarding options for high energy people. Look here for an overview of what the financial field encompasses and how it might be the right path for you.
A CPA license, while required for only a select few career paths in finance, can open doors and enhance your credibility as someone who has quantitative skills and a professional outlook.
How job titles in financial services relate to pay, advancement and career opportunity.
Is your job the center of your life? Is career success the key driver of happiness for you? Or, is your job merely a way to earn a living? The answer has crucial implications for your career choices.
Corporate travel expense rules and restrictions involve weighing various tradeoffs. Learn how incorrect balancing can produce suboptimal results.
Combining and expanding upon online services offered separately by Merrill Lynch and Bank of America, Merrill Edge represents an important strategic move by the combined firms that attempts to exploit synergies.
What you you say when posed a difficult job interview question? The most typical questions are relatively easy to anticipate, and here are videos featuring experts who can advise you.
Some types of investments are available, by law and regulation, only to those called accredited investors or qualified investors, as explained here.
Here are notes on the courses of study and academic majors that best prepare you for financial careers, and which give you maximum flexibility.
Margin loans use securities as collateral.
Overview of careers in retail and commercial banking.
Financial engineering applies advanced mathematical techniques to problems like the design of complex securities and the development of trading and investment strategies. Also known as mathematical finance, financial mathematics, quantitative finance or computational finance, financial engineering is the focus of specialized master's degree programs.
An introduction to the types of work and industry trends in investment banking. The field ranges from securities issuance to mergers and acquisitions to business advisory services.
Public accounting firms are vital cogs in the financial system and highly-regarded training grounds for professionals throughout the financial services industry, as well as in other industries.
The annual Financial Advisor Satisfaction Survey from J.D. Power and Associates offers useful insights into how financial advisors view their firms and where they prefer to work.
Insurance offers a variety of career opportunities. Here is a survey of the principal functions and jobs.
Financial planners pursue rewarding careers helping clients budget, save and set financial goals. Learn what it takes to enter and succeed in the field.
A financial representative is a type of financial professional, usually employed by life insurance companies, whose duties span those of insurance sales agents, financial advisers and/or financial planners.
Formal job descriptions often do not capture the full spectrum of responsibilities that the job holder is expected to fulfill. This is especially true with financial job descriptions.
With the current upward trend in bank branches, job prospects for bank tellers are generally favorable. Becoming a teller is a common entry-level route into the banking industry.
Financial careers often are associated with high degrees of stress. What can the latest research on stress tell us?
A loan officer works for a bank, credit union or other financial institution that extends loans to individuals or business. A loan officer assists prospective borrowers in applying for loans and assessing their creditworthiness.
The Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA) certification is a credential that can enhance a number of careers paths in finance. Learn about what the CFA entails here.
Corporate treasury manages daily cash flows and finds the best ways to meet company funding needs. This fast-paced, highly-paid field combines aspects of investment banking and money management.
Networking is vital for finding jobs and advancing. It also is a key way to increase your knowledge and get help with job-related issues and problems. Learn how here.
Here are the 2013 North American Investment Banking Prestige rankings from Vault.com, based on a survey of industry professionals.
FINRA, the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, has succeeded the NASD in testing and certifying various securities industry professionals. Learn about the major exams here.
Job titles denote respect and authority. An unduly low title can undermine both. Here we discuss why this is true and what you should do about it.
Mutual funds accounting involves portfolio valuation, net asset value (NAV) calculation and client record keeping. It is a complex process that is vital to the operation of mutual fund companies.
A leading employment related resource has produced its 2014 rankings of the best accounting firms to work for. See this summary of the results, including the best firms along various specific dimensions. To the surprise of some, the Big Four do not fare entirely well.
A critical function performed by controllers, chief financial officers and their staffs is the development, maintenance and utilization of management reporting systems. While management reporting often focuses on financial data, such as revenues, expenses and profits, it also can include a variety of non-financial metrics that are barometers of the firm's health. Analysis of the data tracked by these systems is a significant part of the value added by people in these functional areas.
Actuarial science is statistical analysis applied to assessing risks. Actuaries are highly paid and particularly vital to the insurance industry, though many other types of firms employ them. Learn about what the job entails, and how to enter the field.
As risk management grows in importance, some employers seek new hires with certain formal certifications, and may prompt existing employees to earn these credentials as well.
Insurance claims adjusters play the vital role of studying requests for payouts under insurance policies, then determining whether they should be honored or denied.
Companies with far-flung operations often have salary scales that vary by location, to reflect regional variations in the cost of living and in general wage rates.
Financial assets, also known as investable assets, are a normal measure of wealth for both individuals and households.
As a rule, the financial services industry tends to offer young employees much greater opportunities for pay increases and promotion than elsewhere.
To manage a large book of business, a skilled broker sales assistant (or financial advisor sales assistant) is essential. Here are the basics about this important job.
In the context of financial services, what is an institutional client, and what is its significance? This is an important piece of financial jargon to understand.
Deloitte (Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu) is a Big 4 public accounting and consulting firm. The world's largest professional services firm by revenue, it has aggressive hiring plans for 2011-2012.
Primerica is a leading life insurer with the largest sales force in the industry. It also trains far more agents than its competitors.
Compensation in financial services tends to follow different norms than elsewhere in the economy. Here are some key facts to know.
Telecommuting is a big trend in the general economy, as well as in financial services. The savings of commuting time and money may be offset by the career downside of reduced face time.
Assistant Vice President is an even more prevalent title in many financial services firms than Vice President.
Given that risk management is a crucial function, growing in importance, in the financial services industry, familiarity with some of the basic measurements is vital. Here is an overview.
Book of business is a common phrase referring to a client list.
Payday loans are short term loans used by people who live from paycheck to paycheck. They tend to be a high cost source of financing, opening opportunities for new entrants with lower fee structures.
Accountants and auditors are responsible for financial reporting, financial record keeping and the filing of tax returns. Here is a survey of the main branches of the field, compensation data and employment outlook.
Today many people, especially the young, come to job interviews dressed unprofessionally and ruin their chances. Here experts in fashion and interviewing offer vital advice on dressing properly.
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Stock and flow variables are key concepts in economics and finance.
Ernst & Young is a Big Four public accounting firm. Here is a quick overview of its major lines of business and job opportunities.
Securities traders pursue a fast paced and often highly paying career at the center of the securities markets.
The Series 65 Uniform Investment Adviser Law Exam tests knowledge of state securities laws as well as basic competency in investment vehicles and strategies.
Passing the Series 7 exam is the basic certification for financial advisors and investment advisors. Learn the essentials here about what the exam entails.
As the Vice President title became too common, financial services firms began creating variants like First Vice President to stratify this management layer further.
Branch operations managers are responsible for all the behind-the-scenes work that keeps a brokerage office running, such as building maintenance, communications and technology. Some firms call them branch service managers.
Financial advisors can find future careers in general management, as product or market segment specialists, or in money management. Some financial advisors find these attractive options.
Credit rating agencies are key players in the financial markets, assessing the ability of corporate and governmental borrowers to incur and service debt, and the interest rate cost that they face. They are major employers and trainers of people in the field of securities research and securities analysis.
The heavily regulated financial services industry has large legal and compliance staffs. Legal backgrounds are also valuable for a large number of other financial career paths as well.
Series 66 Uniform Combined State Law Examination is the equivalent of taking both the Series 63 and Series 65 exams.
The payout grid drives compensation for financial advisors, capturing the complex interplay of factors such as total sales, specific product sales and asset gathering. Here is an overview.
A review of George Washington on Leadership, a book that draws case studies in effective leadership from the life of George Washington.
Contingent job offers have strings attached. They may be withdrawn based on various facts about you that may come to light later. Before accepting a job, be careful to understand these contingencies.
Insurance claims examiners perform a role similar to insurance claims adjusters, scrutinizing claims for insurance payouts and assessing what, if anything, the client should receive.
PricewaterhouseCoopers, based in London, is one of the Big 4 public accounting firms.
KPMG, whose home office is in The Netherlands, is a member of the Big 4 group of leading public accounting firms.
Insurance underwriters perform the essential analytic work of evaluating applications for insurance, determining whether policies should be issued (written) and setting premiums and other terms.
Insurance appraisers are experts in the valuation of property, such as automobiles, and give key expert input in the settling of insurance claims.
Bank of America is a leading destination for careers in banking due to its nationwide footprint and extensive branch network. B of A also is a leader in securities brokerage and investment banking through its Merrill Lynch subsidiary. Read about the employment outlook at Bank of America.
Insurance sales agents (insurance agents) sell one or more lines of insurance products, may engage in financial planning and selling various other investment products, much like a financial advisor.
A survey of key topics of interest to controllers, treasurers, CFOs and other financial managers.
jobs at merrill lynch. Financial Careers.
Insurance investigators are in-house private detectives whose special skills are utilized in processing claims where fraud or criminal conduct is suspected. This key function offers potentially exciting career opportunities.
Becoming a CFA involves passing a long exam, and the CFA Institute offers self-study materials. Some prefer additional classroom instruction and/or study guides. Here is a survey of the options.
The 80-20 rule is a popular and often useful guide to time management and resource management. In brief, selective investment of time, effort and money can produce outsize returns.
Large public accounting firms, most notably the Big Four, have large consulting practices that rival their audit and tax business in terms of size and prestige.
Compliance departments have a central role in financial services, and careers as compliance officers are attractive opportunities for people with legal, accounting and/or auditing backgrounds.
The Certified Financial Planner (CFP) credential is gaining utility beyond the scope of people who are full time financial planners. Learn the basics about the CFP here.
Here is a handy summary and overview of the most important training needed for financial careers, including degrees, certifications and categories of experience.
IRR, or Internal Rate of Return, is derived from NPV analysis and is used to analyze projects and investments.
Here are the leading wealth management firms, ranked by the profits attributable to this function. The stability of earnings related to wealth management is causing several major firms to reconsider their commitment to riskier and more volatile lines of business.
Money managers, investment managers and asset managers are highly-compensated financial professionals, with a fast-paced and stimulating work environment.
The study of psychology has many applications in finance and in career management. Read on for a sampling of the principal ways that psychology can be used.
Do small banks receive unduly high regulatory scrutiny versus much larger rivals that vastly greater systemic risk? If so, why?
The Series 63 exam demonstrates knowledge about state securities laws and regulations. Most states require financial advisors and investment advisors to hold this qualification.
The Protocol for Broker Recruiting affects brokers and financial advisors who switch firms. Understanding its requirements is critical for practitioners in the field. Investors also would do well to learn its implications for them.
H&R Block is the international leader in tax preparation, with a significant footprint in Canada, the U.K. and Australia. A significant number of H&R Block's U.S. offices are franchises.
The banking industry goes through cycles of opening and closing branches. This has huge implications for staffing levels.
Financial advisor pay plans have evolved significantly in recent years. Understanding the trends is equally important to financial services professionals and financial services clients.
Are face to face loan interviews more accurate assessments than predictive models? Indeed, can facial features predict creditworthiness?
Credit unions are cooperative saving and lending institutions run for the benefit of their members, which traditionally were from well-defined groups. They recently have been healthier than banks.
Facebook has come under increasing criticism for a dismissive and misleading attitude towards the privacy of users' personal information, culminating in its being sanctioned by the Federal Trade Commission in 2011. People who use Facebook and similar social media for career development should take numerous precautions.
When financial services firms wish to create a hierarchy of Executive Vice Presidents, they may designate some as Senior Executive Vice Presidents.
Here is a short list of financial services firms that are regularly honored in surveys of the best places to work, along with the reasons why they are so cited.
Are you interested in an accounting job? Accounting is a vital function within private industry, nonprofits and government alike. It also is a major category of employment within the financial field. Here is a list of the principal job categories related to accounting, the employers within it, and the training necessary.
A definition of private banking, also sometimes called high net worth banking. Also describes the role of a private banker.
HSBC is a major global banking and securities firm, with one of the most recognized brand names in banking around the world.
Mark to market accounting, also called fair value accounting, is the long established norm in much of the financial services industry, especially among securities firms. It has become a matter of intense debate in the wake of the 2008 financial crisis.
Drawing from data collected by the federal government, here are some comparisons of pay by industry (including government) for representative job categories within the financial field.
Marketing yourself effectively hinges on one crucial factor. See here what this is, and how it should influence how you write resumes and cover letters, as well as your interviewing technique.
After years of decline, layaway plans are making a comeback.
The definition of retail business and retail clients, in the context of financial services. The significance of this terminology also is explained here.
As a whole, the banking industry is accelerating its closure of branches, especially in less populated and less wealthy locales. The trend is being reinforced by the increasing preference of consumers for doing their banking remotely and electronically. Get the details here on the latest developments.
The CGMA is a new designation that is supposed to indicate experience in management accounting.
In judging the value of an MBA in financial careers, you need to consider various factors, including your expected return on investment. Get the details here.
Brokerage operations concerns moving cash and securities to settle trades, plus the associated record keeping for clients and brokerage firms alike.
The life of actor turned money manager Wayne Rogers (of the TV series M*A*S*H) illustrates the value of creating career options for yourself, as well as the importance of managing your own personal finances well.
Calculating NPV, or net present value, is a method for evaluating projects or investments. An application of the Time Value of Money, it is a fundamental concept for all financial professionals.
A phantom job posting or job listing is one for a job opening that actually does not exist. Why do companies do this? Do job seekers have any way to infer whether a posting is real or a phantom? Read on for details.
Peer to peer lending (P2P) uses online platforms to bring borrowers and lenders together, bypassing the banks.
Lending shares of stock to facilitate short sales. Stock loan tends to be a highly profitable function.
Securities underwriting is one of the primary functions and principal career paths within investment banking. Here is some important background information on this special field.
The financial services industry is a leading employer of management science professionals, people who apply advanced mathematical techniques to the analysis and solution of business problems.
Financial firms value military experience highly, especially officers and service academy graduates for management positions. Military people are seen as focused, disciplined and hard working. Learn about special programs that some firms offer.
Director is a title used by a variety of financial and non-financial firms for people in middle management, in addition to members of their boards of directors.
Abandoned property laws require banks, investment firms and insurance companies to make state governments the owners of dormant accounts or unclaimed payouts due on insurance policies. This is growing into a major compliance issue for insurers.
The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) is traditionally the trading venue of choice for the largest U.S. corporations, as well as for growing numbers of leading foreign companies.
Family offices are boutique financial firms that serve the ultra-wealthy and hire top talent. Here are the largest family offices in the U.S., among those serving multiple families.
As Vice Presidents proliferated, financial services firms looked to create further distinctions among them. Senior Vice President is one example.
Thomson Reuters is a major global information services, analytics and news provider. Data and news related to the financial markets are among its leading offerings.
Walmart is making a big push serve low income individuals who are underserved by banks, offering low cost check cashing, payments and money transfers. The Walmart MoneyCenters and its small business lending program are cementing the loyalty of its customer base. Walmart already has a large network of fully fledged bank branches in Mexico.
The Series 11 qualification allows sales assistants to accept and process unsolicited client orders.
Financial firms highly value military experience. Job seekers with backgrounds in civilian emergency services, such as police, fire and rescue, should emphasize the similarities.
In the final analysis, getting the thumbs-up from an interviewer boils down to subjective factors. One HR professional says that she and her colleagues apply an
Layering is a market manipulation technique that is related to spoofing.
The Goldman Sachs junior analyst program has been a ticket to a lucrative Wall Street career in investment banking. Faced with cutbacks in the program, prospective applicants are concerned.
Bottom up forecasting and budgeting methods and processes take estimates at low levels and add them up to produce the figures for higher aggregates.
JPMorgan Chase is one of the top tier nationwide banks, which also has major securities operations.
Utilization rate is a measure of productivity used by many public accounting and management consulting firms for evaluating and compensating staff.
Signing bonuses are used to entice high value recruits. Normally a lump sum paid at the start of employment, they also may include deferred performance-linked payouts.
Billable hours are a key metric in consulting, public accounting and legal firms, with important ramifications for pay and promotion.
Financial internships are highly prized educational experiences and resume-enhancers. They also open doors to the best full-time entry-level positions in the industry.
Northwestern Mutual is a leading life insurance company based in Milwaukee. It is renowned for high satisfaction among clients and salespeople, and a highly-regarded sales internship program.
The Morgan Stanley Reserved loyalty program includes special services that many leading financial services firms offer to their wealthiest clients.
Production Credits are a type of metric used by many leading securities brokerage firms in computing Financial Advisor compensation. Understanding the concept is critical to understanding how the industry operates.
Chartered Accountant is the rough equivalent of a CPA in much of the English-speaking world.
How can you advance your career through changing jobs? Here are the major dos and don'ts.
Fidelity Investments is a giant of the mutual fund and discount brokerage fields. Many financial services professionals elsewhere in the industry began their careers at Fidelity.
CalPERS is among the largest pension funds in the world, and has a long history as a powerful voice among institutional investors.
Advances in background searches are making it very hard to hide incidents from your past. Getting an arrest record officially expunged may be needed to preserve your employability.
Effective managers balance control and empowerment in supervising employees. They also know when they have to protect themselves against repercussions from possible employee mistakes and misdeeds.